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Neurodiversity and Co-occurring difficulties

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them. (National Autistic Society)

ASD refers to a broad range of conditions characterised by differences in social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and nonverbal communication. People with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people. ASD is a spectrum disorder, which means that some people with ASD need a lot of support in their daily lives, whereas others need less.

People with ASD often have difficulties with social, emotional, and communication skills. They may repeat certain behaviours and dislike changes in their daily activities, they may experience sensory differences and a differences in social situations. Many people with ASD also have different ways of learning, paying attention, or reacting to things. Signs of ASD usually begin during childhood and typically last throughout a person’s life.

More information

National Autistic Society (NAS)

The leading UK charity for autistic people (including those with Asperger syndrome) and their families. They provide information, support and pioneering services, and campaign for a better world for autistic people.


Ambitious about Autism

Ambitious about Autism is a national charity for children and young people with autism. They provide services, raise awareness and understanding, and campaign for change. They also offer specialist education and support. Their ambition is to make the ordinary possible for more children and young people with autism.